Buddhist prayers jolt Chinese

On Martin Luther King Day

By Lin Gu

There are many images that could compete for a “2011 photo of the year” award in China. But few would have bet that the picture of an unknown monk praying over a dead man would turn out to be among the most popular.

Taiyuan Train Station, Shanxi, November 25 2011 (REUTERS/Asianewsphoto)

It was on November 25 that an old man was found dead in the waiting hall of a train station in Taiyuan, the capital city of North China’s Shanxi Province. Among his fellow passengers was a Buddhist monk. Photos of the monk holding the dead man’s hand, bowing and praying for his final peace became overnight hits online. It was this image that was voted – by 58% of respondents to the popular Phoenix TV network – the most important Buddhist event of the year

Monks’ uneasy role in Chinese society

Monks have not had an easy time in China in recent years. Under communism many were forced to disrobe, others quietly retreated into obscurity. A Buddhist revival began in the late 1970s with the opening up the country but sensationalist media coverage of the lavish lifestyle of some monks soured many people’s view of them.

This scene in the Taiyuan train station, however, struck a chord with Chinese all over the country.

One netizen put it this way on the Phoenix TV site: “Previously Buddhist monks seem to follow a monastic daily routine with no direct contribution to the society. However, in face of life and death, I’m so touched to see this peace and courage coming from a Buddhist monk compared to those bystanders who either folded their hands or try to flee the scene in fear. This profound concern for people gives one hope that one can reconstruct morality in our society.”

Take another look at those bystanders. They don’t look afraid. What strikes me is their bewilderment and indifference.

Now contrast them with another group of Chinese bystanders at an incident that became notorious the world over.

The risk of being a Good Samaritan

On October 13 in the southern Chinese city of Foshan Yue-yue, a two-year old little girl, was knocked over first by one van and then hit by a second without anyone coming to her aid. Over 7 excruciating minutes – all caught by surveillance cameras – a total of 18 people just walked by the girl, lying in a pool of blood. It was the 19th, an elderly garbage collector who came to her rescue. After seven days in intensive care, Yue-yue still died of severe injury.

The surveillance video spread like wild fire, attracting media attention around the world and fanning more flames of outrage. The local communist party newspaper, Foshan Daily, was just as emotional: “This Day They Have Shamed Whole City of Foshan” ran its front page headline.

Is it fair to see the Yueyue tragedy as an indicator of wider moral bankruptcy in China? After all, there are also many stories of strangers helping each other. “There have always been good hearts in this society, no doubt about that, but [what we see here] is a real danger, the danger of apathy,” said the renowned sociology professor Zhang Ming on a TV talk show discussing this particular incident.

Interestingly, in the same TV talk show, when asked whether they would help should they see a little girl bleeding on the street, half of the audience didn’t raise their hands.

For anyone living in China today the reason for this reluctance is obvious. If you help, you may well face extortion demands from the victim or his/her family. The story – often repeated in the media – is always the same. The Good Samaritan loses out financially and legally. And the lesson is clear: don’t help strangers. Ever.

Is collective apathy the problem?

But not every commentator buys this argument. In a razor sharp editorial, the official Yangchen Evening News in Guangzhou, one of China’s most popular evening newspapers, pointed out that “the choice of the 18 passersbys has nothing to do with the ‘wronged good person’ phenomenon. It is because of the indifference and cowardice deep down in their souls.” It is collective apathy, the editorial argued, that has led to the repeated victimization of good Samaritans. And they called on everyone to reach out once again to the Little Yueyue lying in blood, “not just to save her, but to redeem ourselves”.

It was in this charged atmosphere, a little over one month after Yue-yue’s death, that the monk offered a different response to human suffering: compassion.

“In this harsh survival game in the city jungle, everyone is rushing, leaving no time for even a glance to see who is out there in need of their help. Any time they do have, they have to use to lick their own scars,” is the way the venerable Long Zang, vice president of the newly opened (March 2011) Henan Buddhist College told me in an exclusive interview. “Love and compassion needs enough space to nurture.”

“We all could be one of the 18 passersby. And like the unfortunate girl, the 18 also merit our sympathy,” he concluded.

Click to hear chanting from the Henan Buddhist College:

Audio clip: Adobe Flash Player (version 9 or above) is required to play this audio clip. Download the latest version here. You also need to have JavaScript enabled in your browser.

I also quietly asked myself, would I fold my hands or rush to rescue Yue-yue if I had been in the city of Fashon that day? Or put it another way, how many times have I given to a beggar, a much less visually disturbing presence than the bloodied Yue-yue? And if so,  have I ever stopped and looked into his eyes to try to listen to his story? Maybe, but only if I want to write a story about begging in China.

Time is a luxury, even for professional charity workers.

Compassion needs space

In my very first trip to the U.S. in 2000, I met a recovering drug addict who was receiving therapy and other help from a big charity organization in Dallas. When I asked him his impression of the staff workers in the organization, he didn’t even bother to hide his disappointment. “They only talk to you in office hours,” he said, shrugging his shoulders.

The praying monk at the train station, in other words, came along at a moment with Chinese society is both disillusioned and yearning for something positive. He exemplified a return to humanity and basic compassion.

“He symbolizes an ideal version of what a monk, or a man should be. He gives me a sense of warmth,” says Liu Xiaocun, an editor based in Beijing.

As for the man who has inspired this warmth, no-one has a clue as to who he is and where he is now.

That too is fitting. Traditionally, a monk is not allowed to shelter under any one tree for more than three days. He is supposed to wander so as to avoid worldly attachments.

The one thing that is sure is that – wherever he is – he will keep on praying.

  • Yellow4710

    agree, love and compassion need enough space to nurture, and courage to persue.

    • http://latitudenews.com/ Latitude News

      Thanks for your comment. And please do continue to engage with us at Latitude News!

  • Maritz

    that was so unbelievably sad. that little girl was alive for some time; she moved! I can NOT imagine that happening in Australia; I can NOT imagine that I would not rush to help, nurse, comfort her. We KNOW life is cheap in China but that was beyond appalling, disgusting and oh so sad! Sad for the child but so sad that China has fallen so low, not only in their own country but in Tibet too…God help them all!

    • Anonymous

      Hi, thanks for commenting. One of the points of Lin Gu’s piece was to address this very issue – why so many Chinese think twice before offering help because of the way Good Samaritans are so often themselves victimized and why there are now public calls for attitudes to change. But his point also was that the popularity of the photo of the anonymous monk saying last rites is a positive sign of people wanting more compassion and humanity.

      • Anna

        Completely true and I have seen it happen…no one claims to have seen anything and no one ever gets up to help…my own children watched an old man as he was hit by a car and immediately replied to the police officer “wo bu kan xia” I didn’t see it! It is a sad state of affairs.

  • Harri Young

    wait a minute… let me climb up the moral highground (australia) and rant something about how life is cheap in a third world country

    • Anonymous

      thanks for your comment. what’s powerful about the photograph of the monk is that it shows him valuing life by respecting the dead. and then he – the monk – disappears into the crowd…admirable

  • Frank Tedesco

    Let us join the Buddhist monk in the train station in prayers for the living and the dead.

    • Anonymous

      Thanks for your comment.

      • truedharma108

        I am a Buddhist priest (minister) in Florida, USA. People die here out of the public eye, for the most part, in hospitals, hospices or home. Dead are displayed in funeral homes, if at all. The general public is rarely exposed to death (except secondarily in films and TV) and are phobic about it. Americans are very fearful and self-defensive about death. It isn’t supposed to happen although it happens to everyone. I think death should be open and celebrated publicly as in more traditional or less fragmented societies. The monk dealt with the situation as he should have.

  • http://www.serendipit-e.com/blog Chris Boese

    Hey, how terrific that this story got picked up by the Tricycle site! http://www.tricycle.com/blog/buddha-buzz-yue-yue-jon-kabat-zinn-and-anonymous-monk

    Neato neato. I love that magazine!

    • http://www.serendipit-e.com/blog Chris Boese

      Great discussion on the boards about the story on that link too.

  • Jtlim_50

    its not only prayer.but the SILENCE love and caring at that time,and the ENERGY field of Love it had spread to all human being .OM Pa Mi Pai Me Om.